Bernadette Christina, Jakarta – The Agriculture Ministry said on Monday that crude palm oil shipments would be excluded from a planned palm oil export ban, according to a copy of an official letter sent to local government leaders.
The letter, which was verified by a ministry official, said the ban would however include refined, bleached and deodorized (RBD) palm olein.
It was still unclear on Monday whether products such as RBD palm oil and palm stearin would be affected.
President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo announced the ban late on Friday. It will take effect on April 28.
Jokowi said on Friday that exports of cooking oil and its raw material would be banned, but did not mention details.
Traders were caught by surprise by Jokowi's announcement that Indonesia, the world's biggest palm oil producer, was halting exports of the edible oil to ensure domestic food product availability.
Though an exemption of crude palm oil from the export curbs will be positive for global markets, the majority of Indonesia's palm exports are in the form of processed oils that remain affected by the ban.
Global edible oil supplies were already choked by adverse weather and Russia's invasion of major crop producer Ukraine, and now global consumers have no option but to pay top dollar for supplies at a time when global food inflation has soared to a record high.
Malaysian benchmark crude palm futures fell 2.09 percent after news that the ban only covered RBD olein, having jumped nearly 7 percent to their highest in six weeks.
"The massive short covering fizzled out after hearing news that the ban only encompasses olein both bulk and packed from Indonesia," said Paramalingam Supramaniam, director at Selangor-based brokerage Pelindung Bestari.He said there were still concerns that crude palm oil would be added to the list of banned products as it is raw material for RBD palm olein.
According to Refinitiv Eikon, Indonesia exported an average of roughly 620,000 tons per month of RBD in 2021, compared to an average of around 100,000 tons of crude palm oil. Top destinations included India, Pakistan and Spain.
The government's move to control stubbornly high cooking oil prices caused a slump in shares of its biggest palm oil companies on Monday, while the rupiah headed currency falls in Asia.
Dollar-denominated bonds issued by Indonesia's government fell more than 1 cent to their lowest since the spring 2020 COVID-19 market rout.
According to data from the Indonesian Palm Oil Association (Gapki), exports of processed CPO in 2021 stood at 25.7 million tons, or 75 percent of total exports of palm products. CPO exports were 2.74 million tons in 2021, or 7.98 percent of the shipments.
In January and February this year, processed CPO exports were 3.38 million tons or 79 percent of exports, while CPO exports were 90,000 tons, 2 percent of the total shipped.
Global prices of crude palm oil, which Indonesia uses for cooking oil, have surged to historic highs this year.