Jakarta – President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo has signed Government Regulation (PP) Number 2/2015 on the handling of social conflicts.
According to the copy uploaded to the Cabinet Secretariat website on Thursday, the PP is referred to as an implementing regulation of Law Number 7/2012 on Social Conflict Management.
Among other things, the regulation regulates the involvement of the TNI (Indonesian military) in the management of social conflicts. The support and mobilisation of TNI forces to put a stop to conflicts is implemented after the central or regional governments declares a state of conflict.
The support and the mobilisation of TNI forces shall be done to end physical violence and implement restrictions on and the closure of conflict zones for an indeterminate period.
In addition to this, it allows for implementing restrictions on person leaving the home (curfew) for an indeterminate period, the prohibition of persons entering or leaving a conflict zone for an indeterminate period, the rescue, evacuation and identification of victims of conflicts, providing protection to vulnerable groups and saving the lives and property of victims of conflicts.
"The support and the mobilisation of TNI forces shall be coordinated by the national police (Polri)", reads Article 41 of the regulation.
The regulation explains that TNI units that are carrying out support duties under a state of conflict are subject to stipulations under legislation and the principles of human rights and shall not be given other duties until the end of their tour of duty.
On the declaration of a state of conflict, the regulation explains that it shall come into effect if and when a conflict cannot be controlled by the national police and the functions of government are disrupted. The indicators of this are if a conflict continues to escalate and spread.
"The support of TNI forces as referred to is to be carried out based on a request by regional governments to the president", reads Article 44 and Article 45 Paragraph (1) of the regulation.
The support and mobilisation of TNI forces will end if and when the state of conflict is revoked or when declared period of the state of conflict expires.
Meanwhile, the government and regional governments are obliged to provide post-conflict rehabilitation that is planned, integrated, sustainable and measurable in accordance with their authority.
This post-conflict rehabilitation covers reconciliation, rehabilitation and reconstruction. Meanwhile funding sources for conflict management shall come from national and regional government budgets and or society.
[Translated by James Balowski for the Indoleft News Service. The original title of the report was "Presiden Terbitkan PP Penanganan Konflik Sosial".]