Hendrik Khoirul Muhid, Jakarta – Indonesia's corruption perception index score fell four points from 38 in 2021 to 34 the following year in 2022, which effectively drops the country from ranking 96th to 110 globally.
On the regional scale, Indonesia is also ranked below Singapore, Vietnam, and Malaysia in terms of perceived levels of public sector corruption, as determined by expert assessments and opinion surveys.
"This score dropped four points in 2021, which is the most drastic degradation since 1995," said Transparency International Indonesia deputy secretary general Wawan Suyatmiko in his presentation at Jakarta's Pullman Hotel on January 31.
This situation was commented on by former Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) commissioner Novel Baswedan in a Youtube podcast that featured former members of the KPK published on February 12.
Aulia Posteria, a fellow former KPK commissioner, in the podcast insisted that the corruption perception index is a crucial aspect internationally.
"Why is the score important? Because it is used as a global measuring instrument," said Aulia.
One of the direct relevance of the index score is related to investment. When investors from other countries want to invest in a country, the score becomes a reference for the level of corruption risk in that country. Therefore, the low score in Indonesia is likely to affect foreign investment in the future.
In addition, said Aul, the IPK is also a tool to increase public awareness of corruption. Indonesia's low score should serve as a warning to many people regarding corruption cases in the country. This was proven by the response of President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo and his staff.
Another former KPK commissioner, Said Didu, acknowledged that the corruption perception index influences people's perceptions of investing. However, a poor score is not always a negative aspect for certain investors.
Didu argues that a good score is only attractive to investors who want a clean investment or good governance. He did not deny that there are investors who are actually looking for poor-scoring countries in terms of corruption perception.
"I think that the low core is the same as announcing to the world that investors who want clean or good governance should not come to Indonesia at this time," Didu explained.