Indra Arief P, Mecca Yumna, Jakarta – The Presidential Staff Office (KSP) highlighted President Joko Widodo's (Jokowi's) unwavering commitment to resolving cases of alleged gross human rights violations that had occurred in the past.
Main Expert Staff of KSP Siti Ruhaini Dzuhayatin stated that affirmation of the commitment was since the president was determined to free Indonesia from the restraints of the past that had haunted the state.
"By resolving serious violations in the past, Indonesia can face the future with confidence, dignity, and optimism in creating a nation that is strong, independent, and competitive at the global level," she stated.
Dzuhayatin made the statement in response to President Joko Widodo's speech on the settlement of cases of alleged past gross human rights violations delivered at the Annual Session of People's Consultative Assembly on August 16.
She stated that judicial and non-judicial approaches were applied in resolving past gross human rights violations prior to the ratification of Law No. 26 of 2000 on the Human Rights Court.
In keeping with the judicial approach, President Jokowi had instructed the Attorney General's Office (AGO) and encouraged the Commission on Human Rights to pursue the legal process for gross human rights violations.
She cited the case in Paniai, Papua, in 2014, as example of one such case of alleged gross human rights violations. The case had been transferred to the court.
"For this effort, the president commended everyone's commitment, including of the AGO and National Human Rights," she explained.
They also applied a non-judicial approach in resolving past gross human rights violations, such as by prioritizing revelation of the truth, victim recovery, and guaranteeing that similar acts did not recur. This was pursued by forming a team to resolve past gross human rights violations.
"The Presidential Decree has now been signed by the president. This further reinforced the government's performance in the non-judicial settlement of past gross human rights violations that are currently ongoing. The government and the House of Representatives are currently also continuing to discuss the Truth and Reconciliation Commission Bill," she stated.
Dzuhayatin also highlighted the resolution of past gross human rights violations through a non-judicial approach, such as the implementation of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in Aceh after the Military Operations Area as well as the preparation of the Papua Truth and Reconciliation Commission that was part of the Papua Special Autonomy Law.