Andhika Prasetia, Jakarta – The government has issued Government Regulation in Lieu of Law (Perppu) Number 2/2017 on Social Organisations. It has already been received by the House of Representatives (DPR) and will be deliberated at the next sitting of the House.
Although it has yet to be officially discussed, all of the political party factions in the DPR have expressed their views on the Perppu. There are some that reject it and some that accept it – for various different reasons. What are the positions of the different factions on Perppu Number 2/2017? The following is a summary of their positions compiled by Detik.com:
The Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P) has confirmed its support for that government in issuing Perppu 2/2017 on social organisations. The Perppu will be a legal instrument for the government to combat and act against social organisations that oppose the state ideology of Pancasila.
"The PDI-P along with other political parties backing the government support the government's decision to issue this Perppu", said PDI-P Secretary General Hasto Kristiyanto at the PDI-P headquarters on Jl. Diponegoro in Menteng, Central Jakarta, on Thursday July 13.
The PDI-P, said Hasto, hopes that other factions in the DPR will agree with the Perppu that was signed into law by President Joko Widodo on Monday July 10.
With the issuance of Perppu 2/2017, the government can dissolve anti-Pancasila social organisations without going through the courts. The Golkar Party faction is of the view that this does not violate human rights.
"No, it doesn't (violate human rights). People in different countries have their own regulations. There are also many advanced democratic countries where if there is a potential threat to the unity of the state and the nation they often take preventative action. Don't let the values of the nation be destroyed", said Golkar faction member Ace Hasan at the DPR building in Senayan, Central Jakarta, on Wednesday July 12.
The National Awakening Party (PKB) accepts the Perppu 2/2017 and will invite other factions in the DPR to support the dissolution of radical social organisations though the Perppu.
"The PKB will accept this Perppu and will invite the [other] parties to accept it because it is necessary in the name of and for the national interest", said PKB Deputy Secretary General Abdul Malik Haramain when contacted by Detik.com on Wednesday.
Under the Perppu 2/2017 it stipulates that the legal status of an anti-Pancasila social organisation can be revoked simply through two administrative sanctions without going through the courts. The initial sanctions are two written warnings over a period of seven days and then the freezing of the organisation's activities.
United Development Party (PPP) Secretary General Arsul Sani says that the political parties that make up the government coalition support the Perppu 2/2017 because social organisations that are against the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia (NKRI) must be dissolved.
"When there is any kind of movement, whether it be based on colour, race, or whatever, if then it can rationally be concluded that it represents a threat to the four [pillars of] our national consensus (Pancasila, the 1945 Constitution, NKRI and Unity in Diversity) then they can indeed be eliminated", said Arsul at the DPR building on Wednesday.
The People's Conscience Party (Hanura) faction in the DPR supports the government's issuance of the Perppu saying that the state cannot be half-hearted about action against radical social organisations.
"Hanura does of course agree with the government. [The old] Law Number 17/2013 [on Social Organisations] makes the freezing or dissolution of radical social organisations difficult to carry out because the process is long and depends on a court ruling, yet a permit for the establishment of a social organisation lies with the government through the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights", Hanura faction secretary Dadang Rusdiana told journalists on Thursday.
The National Democrats Party (NasDem) agrees with the Perppu giving the example of the social organisation Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia (HTI) that it believes should be dissolved.
"Any organisation like that (anti-Pancasila) that does not heed the state ideology and does not agree with the Indonesian state must be dissolved. Not just by means of this Perppu, but by other means we would also agree", said NasDem politician at the DPR building on Wednesday.
Although it is part of the government coalition the National Mandate Party (PAN) does not support the Perppu. The PAN, which is one of the parties that supports the government, believes the issuance of the Perppu is not a solution to dealing with social organisations that are deemed to be anti-Pancasila.
"The Perppu is not a solution to confront social organisations that are deemed problematic by the government", said PAN central leadership board chairperson Yandri at the parliamentary complex in Senayan on Thursday.
The Justice and Prosperity Party (PKS) believe that there are a number of catch-all articles that are extremely subjective in the Perppu. The PKS will support any parties that decide to submit a request for a judicial review of the law.
"I will be very supportive if anyone submits a judicial review with the Constitutional Court because potentially this Perppu is not in accordance with the Constitution. At the very least Article 1 Paragraph 3, Article 28d Paragraph 1 and Article 28e Paragraph 3", said PKS advisory board deputy chairperson Hidayat Nur Wahid at the parliamentary complex on Thursday.
The Greater Indonesia Movement Party (Gerindra) faction at the DPR opposes President Widodo's issuance of the Perppu saying there was no pressing need for the government to issue it.
"This Perppu, the President, it was too simple. This is about the social organisation law. The social organisation law, before, I still remember, in the previous period was enacted through a vote at the DPR's plenary committee", said Gerindra faction chairperson Ahmad Muzani at the DPR building on Thursday.
The Democrat Party in the DPR says it has yet to decide whether it will accept or reject the Perppu and will study the matter first.
"In relation to the Perppu Ormas, we are in the process of carrying out a study and in depth analysis by considering all the different aspects and interests and the life of the nation and state", Democrat faction secretary Didik Mukrianto told journalists on Thursday. (dkp/elz)
[Translated by James Balowski for the Indoleft News Service. The original title of the article was "Peta 10 Fraksi di DPR soal Perppu Ormas".]