We have been monitoring a real life political phenomenon happening in Indonesia, namely the decision of President Jokowi to include former General Wiranto as the Coordinating Ministry for Political, Legal and Security Affairs in his new cabinet. This decision has unsettled us a great deal. We recall what happened in 1999, before, during, and after the referendum in Timor-Leste which resulted in more than two hundred thousand (200,000) civilians suffering torture, rape, forceful removal, enforced disappearance and murder.
These acts violate the fundamental human rights principles and values set out in international humanitarian law. For this reason, these acts are deemed crimes against humanity.
For more than a decade victims and the families of victims in Timor-Leste have consistently insisted on truth and justice for Timor-Leste from Indonesia and the international community, especially from the members of the UN Security Council.
The facts regarding the involvement of the Former General Wiranto in 1999
In 1999 Wiranto was the Supreme Commander of the Indonesian Armed Forces who had the competence and power to ensure security and stability for the process during and after the Referendum as set out on May 5th, 1999 in agreement from the Minister for Foreign Affairs from Indonesia, the Minister for Foreign Affairs from Portugal, and the United Nations Secretary General.
Former General Wiranto was the Supreme Commander of the Indonesian military and is a responsible member for the large scale and systematic violence, removal and persecution that resulted in 280 deaths and forced 200,000 people to flee to Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT) in Indonesia, as well as the mass destruction inflicted on the personal possessions and assets of the Timorese people.
Charges against former General Wiranto
In March 2003 the Serious Crimes Unit (SCU) issued an indictment against Former General Wiranto and others.
The aforementioned unit also requested for the Dili District Court to issue a warrant of his arrest. on March 19th, 2004. The Deputy Prosecutor General for Serious Crimes issued a letter to support the issuance of a warrant of arrest against General Wiranto, with irrefutable evidence against him proving that General Wiranto committed human rights violations and crimes against humanity in Timor- Leste.
Despite these gross charges, former general Wiranto lives as a free man holding positions of influence and power in Indonesia today. He has never gone under any formal justice procedures where he could be prosecuted for his crimes and rather lives with an ambiguous status of "accused," and trusted within the Widodo administration.
Based on these facts, the Timor-Leste National Alliance for an International Tribunal (ANTI) demands the following:
1. For the international community to influence the Jokowi Government to take seriously the prevention of nominating criminals within the government structure in order to further strengthen the process of democracy and to uphold human rights in Indonesia and elsewhere around the world;
2. For the UN Security Council to consistently uphold its decision to combat impunity, based on the indictment issued by the Special Panel for Serious Crimes in 2003. We ask that an effective mechanism be sought to ensure that criminals are held accountable in a credible fashion, in particular the former General Wiranto;
3. Indonesia and Timor-Leste need to strengthen and foster democracy to brake the chain of impunity and establish societies that respect human rights values and strengthen the democratic rule of law. Therefore, we urge and standby Indonesia to immediately remove Wiranto from the Joko Widodo Government structure.
4. We Call on the international community members state has a moral responsibility to arrested the accuses former General WIRANTO.
- Try criminals to support permanent reconciliation.
- Remove the Accused Wiranto.
- Hooray for Truth and Justice.
- The struggle continues!
Dili, 29 July 2016
JSMP, HAK, La'o Hamutuk, ACbit, Asosiasaun Vitima, KSI, Front Mahasiswa Timor-Leste, MDI, Sek. Fongtil, Fokupers, AJAR-TL, Verupupuk